Wednesday, August 9, 2017

Maryland Historical Society Magazine - Summer 2017

     I am honored to be highlighted as a new member in the Maryland Historical Society magazine for the summer of 2017!!  The title, "Bringing History to Life through Inspiration and Art!"






     When entering into research for my new book about tea in 18th Century America, I needed to see inside Mrs. Margaret Tilghman Carroll's account book held in their library.  I was pleasantly surprised at what it contained - receipts, lists of items in the house that also pertained to her tea items (BONUS!), payments - in her handwriting.  There was another set of writing that was of her cousin, Tench Tilghman's daughter, Elizabeth Tench Goldsborough.  Tench Tilghman was an aide-de-camp to General Washington during the war years and the Maryland Historical Society has items in their collection that belonged to him.

     While there, I spent the day going through their exhibits, and spend some $$ in their giftshop.  They had a silver plated coffee pot that I purchased for my living history interpretation along with BOOKS!  Their exhibits also inspired me to create jewelry similar to what I saw.


Elizabeth Patterson Bonaparte gown and jewelry

Gown worn by Elizabeth Patterson Bonaparte's mother, 18th century

Triple Portrait of Elizabeth Patterson Bonaparte by George D'Almaine, 1856

Eleanor Darnall by Justus Kuhn, 1710

Children of Commodore John Daniel Daniels by Robert Street, 1810

Detail of Children of Commodore John Daniel Daniels by Robert Street, 1810

A Lady of the Shure Family by Joshua Johnson, 1820-1825


My reproduction earrings after A Lady of the Shure Family




Saturday, July 1, 2017

American Revolution Museum at Yorktown

     Last year I was given a card by Lauren Muney of Silhouettes by Hand to the Historic Trades Fair taking place in the Jamestown Settlement managed by the Jamestown Yorktown Foundation.  The fair takes place the first weekend in June, and I was intrigued.  The fair asks you to demonstrate your craft and sell your wares at the same time.  Since I do not have original tools in which to create my items, and I use new, vintage, or antique elements to create jewelry, I decided to demonstrate how to string pearls as they did in the time.  There is at least one portrait that I have seen of a woman doing this.  She is NOT knotting them.  I believe they strung beads by knotting and by just adding them to thread.

Threading pearls. Detail from Portrait of a Woman, 1745, 
by Johann Ulrich Schellenberg

     While in communication with the site, I had asked if they were in need of any jewelry for a display.  I was put in touch with their exhibitions manager as well as their senior curator.  I was asked for an elegant necklace for the "gentry woman" in the American Revolution Museum.  This "gentry woman" display turned out to be Mrs. Alice Hooper painted by John Singleton Copely in 1763, a portrait I knew well.  I had always admired her necklace and earrings.  More information on her and the portrait can be found at the Milwaukee Art Museum and Marblehead Arts article by Judy Anderson.

Display in the Museum
(Photo Courtesy of the Jamestown Yorktown Foundation)

Mrs. Alice Hooper by John Singleton Copley dated 1763

Close-up of Jewelry on Mrs. Hooper

     The earrings were easy for me to make as I already create this type using vintage 1940's, 1950's, and 1960's clip-on or crew back earrings that I convert into pierced.  The necklace was a different matter in that it had to lay right with the way I had to construct it.  I took my inspiration after the portrait and an original that I saw when doing research on necklaces last year (you can see that article here) on the Rowan and Rowan website of a garnet choker dating to 1770 that is exquisite.

Photo Courtesy of Rowan and Rowan, garnet necklace dating to 1770

My version of the earrings and necklace




     The challenge for them, after they received it, was to put it on the mannequin. The form had permanent pearls built in, and they weren't sure how they were going to do it. The exhibit manager and staff wanted her to look more like the portrait enough to sand off the pearls, repaint her, and add the necklace and earrings that I made.

Mannequin after creation
(Photo Courtesy of the Jamestown Yorktown Foundation)

Mrs. Hooper in the exhibit wearing the Gray Horse jewelry!
(Photo Courtesy of the Jamestown Yorktown Foundation)

     They are very very happy with the result.  I am also very pleased!!!! What do you think?



   

Wednesday, June 21, 2017

Allures d'Antan


     The Gray Horse is now being sold in France!  We have partnered with Allures d'Antan to have select items sold in their shop.  Mylene Palisse, the creator of my quilted petticoat and other historically accurate clothing, fell in love with several pieces that I made for her.  She decided to sell my jewelry in her store!  This will make it easy for those of you in Europe to purchase a piece of my reproduction and historically-inspired jewelry and have a lovely bespoke item made by her.

 Mylene Palisse wearing a pearl parure made by The Gray Horse

Wearing the quilted petticoat made by Allures d'Antan at tea with Martha Washington



Sunday, June 18, 2017

275th Anniversary of Fairfax County, Virginia

     I had the distinct pleasure and honor to celebrate the 275th anniversary of Fairfax County, Virginia with friends in the Alexandria Assembly who dance weekly at Gadsby's Tavern and Museum.  I also saw the Spanish Lousiana Regiment, 1st Virginia Regiment, the 84th Royal Highland Emmigrants, Lady Washington of Mount Vernon, and those of Gunston Hall.  

     Our group did dance demonstration and invited the public to also dance.  While hot and humid, it was a fun day honoring a wonderful county!  The real Lord and Lady Fairfax from England were also there!

Me 
(Gown, apron, kerchief, mitts, hat, and cap made by The Silly Sisters, jewelry by me)

With Gema Gonzalez on the left, and Kerry McClure on the right
(Photo by Shane Kippenhan)

Gema looking beautiful as always!
(Photo by me)

With Michael Halbert - the maker of watch strings!

A gorgeous watch string worn by Shane Kippenhan

Established in my time!  LOL

With the Fairfax County Fire and Rescue


Monday, May 15, 2017

Introducing "The Dandridge" Shoe Buckles

My original paste buckles

     When American Duchess approached me a year ago, I had no idea that I would now be reproducing my third 18th century shoe buckle.  The "Dandridge" is buckle number three (the first was the "Charlotte," and the second the "James.")  These other two buckles were also based upon original buckles and have been well received.  They are now being shown in museums from the Paca House in Annapolis, Maryland, the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, and the Museum of the American Revolution in Yorktown, Virginia.

The "Dandridge" on a pair of men's shoes from Jas-Townsend & Son


On the American Duchess "Frasier" 


On a pair of Burnley & Trowbridge Ladies Black Walking Shoes with
Nelson and Travelling Belle (made by Vibrant Clay and Jewelry)

     These are a lovely statement buckle.  They are made with glass rhinestones, and measure 2-5/8 inches long by 1-5/8 inches wide.  They will accommodate a buckle strap that is up to 1-5/16 inches wide. They are silver plated over pewter.  To our standard, they are fancy, but in the time period, they were generally worn, often sought after and stolen.  

     I named these in honor of the Dandridge family of Virginia of which Martha Washington descended from.

The Sailor's Pleasure at The British Museum, 1781

     I have seen this type of buckle and/or the shape in portraits/prints as well as in originals (besides the pair I own) on men and women's feet.  The originals had a much higher dome or curve to it which allowed it to look a lot shorter or smaller than they were.  I like to think that original buckles may have also been made custom to the wearer's foot.  I have started two Pinterest boards that include photos of original shoe buckles as well as portraits/prints showing them on the feet.  It is always hard to determine what material they are wearing, but the shapes are clear.

Ralph Earl Elijah Boardman 1789

     These buckles will be available in mid-June.  Pre-orders are being taken via my Etsy shop and will be shipped immediately.  As always, I keep my prices low so that it is fun to accessorize in the hobbies we do.  I also inspect each buckle.  A couple of extra rhinestones will come with the buckle so if for any reason one falls out and you lose it, you'll have a replacement!

1778 French Fashion Plate

CAPTAIN (later Admiral) Sir Hyde Parker by George Romney at Melford Hall

        

Monday, April 24, 2017

Sterling Silver Heart in Hand Rings - Gimmal or Fede Rings

     As promised last year, I have been working with a manufacturer to create a posy ring "Harbor the Harmles Hert" in a fede motif and to which Shakespeare refers to in The Tempest (III, ii, 89-90), when Ferdinando says 'Here's my hand' and Miranda replies 'And mine with my heart in it.' These are considered associated with love, friendship, and marriage.  Rings in the time period were not always worn on the "ring finger," but were also worn on the "index finger."  They are also defined as a gimmal ring which is essentially two or three loops linked together to form one complete ring.



My original - possibly 1930's revival

My original - possibly 1930's revival

     The motif was interpreted in two designs for fede rings published by the goldsmith Pierre Woeiriot in his Livre d'aneaux d'orfevrerie (Lyons 1561): one shows the hands firmly grasped by the thumbs, and one has them lying cradled one within the other, both supported by projecting volutes carried by herms at the shoulders.  An unusual variant is recorded in Hungary  with the two hands holding two interlaced rings with the letters S above and B below, crowned and enameled in black and white.  My version is the first style described.

Reproduction in the shop - open

Reproduction closed

Reproduction how it looks on

     I have been able to work out a sterling silver version in three connected rings that include a heart in the center.  this is unique from others available outhere!  They will be offered in sizes 5-9 - maybe with half sizes also available).

     I currently have two in a size 8-1/2 and two in size 9. Smaller versions are still in the works and available soon. Prices will change as metal prices fluctuate, but they are currently being offered at $50 per ring.

Source:
Rings, Jewelry of Power, Love, and Loyalty by Diana Scarisbrick, Thames & Hudson, Ltd., London, 2007

Saturday, April 22, 2017

Watch Strings or Ribbons

     The Gray Horse has partnered with Michael Halbert to offer reproduction ribbon watch strings! They are made with vintage ribbon, charms, seals, keys, and/or tassels, etc.  There are lots of variations.  So, what is a watch string, you ask?

Original with Ribbon
(Courtesy of the Victorian and Albert Museum)

     Watch strings were usually made with ribbon or woven tapes.  They were worn fairly early starting in the 17th century, sometimes around the neck and/or at the waist on a sash/belt. We also see them worn in the 18th century at waist level.  The ways in which they were worn up into the 19th century emulate the earlier fashions, sometimes with a twist (including seeing chains wrapped around a woman's neck in the Regency and Victorian periods that was connected to their watch and then said watch was hung or put into a watch pocket).  The Pragmatic Costumer wrote a blog post in 2014 which shows lots of lovely examples and useful information as well.

Original with Woven Tape
(Courtesy of the Victorian and Albert Museum)

     I have written posts about equipage/chatelaines over the past year or so that you can read here and here.  Further research has been done that suggests that they were also called an "equipage," "hanger," "string," or "chain with spring swivel."  This includes the watch and accessories that is now known as a chatelaine, but that term wasn't used until 1828 when the French magazine, The World of Fashion, announced a new accessory called the "La Chatelaine."  What a great marketing scheme!

     So what else have I found out about how they were worn?  

     Men would have had a fob (or pocket) sewn into their breeches to put their watch into.  It had a chain or "string" attached to it.  The chain/string hung down outside of the breeches and usually held a seal, key, charm, dangle, pendant, etc., of their fancy.  Men also may have placed their watch inside of their weskit (or vest) pocket, and if they did, then the chain/string would be hanging outside of said pocket.  

     As we get into the 19th century, the watch chain gets more elaborate and in some cases connect to the weskit with watches stretching outward, and being placed into a weskit pocket on each side.  My past articles show more examples in portraits and prints; however, below is one of William Wollaston, ca. 1759.  The weskits and coats were longer, but you can just see the seals/charms/keys peeking out from underneath.  As weskits get shorter, you can see more of the chain/string hanging down.

William Wollaston, ca. 1759, by Thomas Gainsborough
(Wikimedia Commons)

John Cockburn Ross, 1780
(Wikimedia Commons)

     Then we must talk about the women.  The general way in which women attached their watches was by using a hook.  The most common had a tongue style hook on the back that was pushed into and behind the waist band of the petticoat.  It had a number of chains hanging down with items they may have used when working. Some of these items were extremely elaborate, and others not so much.  Another style was specifically for the watch - which also included seals, charms, keys, pendants, dangles, etc.  This style was made with chain/string just as the men's were.  I have also seen them made of pearls that hang down from or over a sash as in the portrait of Margaret Sutherland dated 1792 or Marie Antoinette.  The sash or ribbon around the waist was a trend that started in the late 1770's and continued on and off into the late 19th century.

Margaret Sutherland dated 1792 
(Wikimedia Commons)

Marie Antoinette and her two children walking in the Park of Trianon (center) 
my reproduction of her watch strings on each side (both sold)

Blue and White Roller Print Gown, possibly for a young girl 
with lined watch pocket at the high waist dated 1820
(How the Watch was Worn)


     The chain/string also may have been worn within a pocket sewn into one of the two pockets which were worn tied around one's waist UNDER the petticoat (sometimes there was only one).  I have personally found it easier to have my pockets in between the under and outer petticoat for ease of reach of whatever I put inside. The watch itself would be in its own pocket inside the pocket.  The chain/string may have been hidden within the main compartment of the pocket in which to protect it instead of hanging outside of the petticoat. There is also an example shown above a pocket sewn into the top band of the petticoat for the watch to sit into.  I have seen one for an 18th century pocket, but it is eluding my search as of this writing, but there are pockets in petticoats all throughout the 19th century - but in the 18th it was common for the watch to hang down the front of the petticoat.

     Another way in which a chain/string could have been attached was possibly from a "stay hook."  I am not familiar with what a stay hook looks like, so when it was mentioned by Cummins (How the Watch was Worn), I was intrigued.  I think that stay hooks were generally on the front of a pair of stays and often of silver, steel, metal, or decorated with gemstones and/or paste.  Cummins mentions that the watch chain/string was hooked to the stay hook.  Supposedly the stay hook was "a waist hook with front plaque and smaller linked plaques most likely for a watch that we now call a watch chatelaine."

     I decided to do a search on-line and found a currently deaccessioned pair of stays for sale with Sarah Elizabeth Gallery Antiques showing bird and stag figural hooks.   I do not think this is what they they mean to hang a watch from; however, if these pair of stays had a stomacher front, I could see hanging my watch chain from the hook on the side to hang down in front of my gown.  Or, were these hooks added later?  I am intrigued enough to do more research on this.

Sarah Elizabeth Gallery Antiques

Side view showing sewn in hip pads
(Sarah Elizabeth Gallery Antiques)


     I have found reference to stay hooks within advertisements, so they were a "thing."


Stay Hook mentioned for sale
Boston Weekly News-Letter, 29 March 1750


     Now to the watch strings that I have in my shop!  They are really awesome, and I cannot wait to see everyone wearing them!  They measure about 9 inches long, come with a ring and swivel hook on one end, and the other has seals, charms, keys, and other adornments.  They are made with vintage and new ribbon and a tape style version.  

     For the women, I can add a shepherd style hook on the end so that you can hang it from your petticoat, and move the swivel clip on the other end for your watch (or not as many of these don't really need the watch and were worn for decoration) if doing 18th century.  

     The trade card below is from Marie Anne Viet and Thos. Mitchell, Jewelers, 1742.  It mentions all sorts of curiosities "in gold, silver, mother of pearl, tortoise shell, agat, amber, ivory...equipages after the newest fashion...gold and silver chains, strings for watches, seals, pendants"...notice the awesome detail of the card!  I've included it in original size so they can be seen. On each side of the clock are strings hanging with all manner of items - the bows remind me of those in my Georgian bow earrings - but I digress!


Marie Anne Viet and Thos Mitchell Jewelers, 1742 
Trustees of the British Museum

Hugh Douglas Hamilton, R.H.A., Arthur Hill, 
2nd Marquess of Downshire 1785-90
(Wikimedia Commons)


     The watch strings will be available in my on-line shop starting mid-May, but I will have them for purchase at the Fort Frederick Market Fair in Big Pool, Maryland from 27-30 April, and again at the Mount Vernon Battle Reenactment from 6-7 May 2017.  

Galerie des Modes, Figure 6e, 1779
(Wikimedia Commons)


Fashionable Spring Walking Dresses, fashion plate, hand-colored engraving on paper, 
published by John Bell in La Belle Assemblie, London, June, 1808 (the ribbon is hung over the sash on her gown)


     Prices start at $40 for some of the plainer styles, and up to $75 for the silver set.

 
  

 

 

 
 



Sources:  
1.  How the Watch was Worn, A Fashion for 500 Years by Genevieve Cummins, Antique Collector's Club, Ltd., 2010

2.  Sarah Elizabeth Gallery Antiques, on-line

3.  The History of Underclothes by C. Willett Cunningham, Dover Publications, 1992 (taken from a 1951 edition)

4.  Wikimedia Commons